​Modern Animal:Moose
Prehistoric Animal: Cervalces Scotti


The Alces virtus will have taken on some new characteristics compared to the modern day moose. It will have a longer neck, slimmer body and have different behavioural characteristics. The average weight for male and female Alces virtus will be between 250 and 650 kilograms which is significantly lower than the modern day moose. This will enable them to move a lot quicker and to hide from their predators. The Latin name Alces Vertus means 'moose and 'strength' & 'proud' ultimately meaning the moose is strong and proud.

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Artiodactyla

Family: Cervidae

Genus: Alces

Species: Virtus


DIAGRAM

Moose_sketch.jpg
Labeled diagram of future moose Alces virtus

Habitat


The area that the Alces virtus will live in is an area similar to the modern day moose but more species will live in a rainforest and in an area with less snow fall. This will allow the Alces virtus to maintain energy as they will not have to plough through thick snow and have easier access to twigs and foliage etc.


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Green areas show regions where the Alces virtus will live
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Closer look of the habitat of the Alces virtus

The regions the Alces virtus will live in is Northern America, Canada and Europe. (See picture above)That means they will no longer live in parts of Asia and they will migrate to Europe. This is because the Alces virtus will have a greater need for rainforests and Europe can provide this whereas northern Asia cannot. By moving to this type of environment the Alces virtus will have a lot more predators in their new environment including Saltwater Crocodile , alligators, jaguars, wolves and humans. This means they will have predators from water and land which will cause the Alces virtus to be in continues danger. The Alces virtus will also join the North American Beaver in temperate forests.

The picture on the right shows the new environment of the future moose that will have a higher amount of rainfall, meaning less snow. The reason for a new environment will allow the Alces virtus to save energy walking on flat ground instead of ploughing through snow. Another advantage moving to this type of environment is that during winter it will be easier to find food as they won't need to dig through snow to find foliage they can locate it on the forest floor.

ADAPTATIONS

Structural Adaptations

Structural 1 - Longer Neck

The growth of a longer neck will allow the Alces virtus to reach taller trees and bushes. A longer neck will allow them to easily access food for themselves or for their young. This means they will find surviving a lot easier during winter and on a daily basis.This adaptation would have arisen due to the fact that the moose needed to reach higher as their environment changed; they also already had long legs, meaning the need for a longer neck was increased.

The Alces virtus will have a slimmer body compared to a modern day moose as they will need to be able to run and hide from predators a lot more as they will live in areas where animals are in a close proximaty. Having a slimmer body will make them more agile and a lot quicker and the end result will be a longer life.

Structural 2 - Slimmer Body

The Alces Virtus will have a slimmer body than the modern day moose because they will need to be able to run and hide from predators. The sudden need for a slimmer body is due to the different environment the Alces virtus will be in. They will need to be running more as they will live in an area where different animals live in a close proximity. This adaptation would be due to environmental change that the Alces virtus experienced as they needed to find new food sources and travel longer distances causing them to have a slimmer body.


Behavioural Adaptations

Behavioural 1 - Aggressive behaviour

As the moose evolves it will become more aggressive as it will need to fight with other moose's to find and attract mates and to locate a good food source. The growth of longer antlers allows the moose to fight and use them with a lot more aggression.The need to become more aggressive will be vital to the Alces virtus' own individual survival and the survival of their race.This adaptation arose as the environment change caused the Alces virtus to live closer together making the search for a partner a lot more competetive and difficult, resulting in the moose having a more aggressive attitude to fight off a predator and attract a partner.


Behavioural 2 - Travel in herds

As the Alces virtus changed its environment the need to travel in herds increased this helps as it will allow the Alces virtus to feel safer as it has a lot more eyes to be able to lookout for danger. As there will be a high population in one certain area it will provide the young calves with a safer environment and allow other Alces virtus to find partners close by instead of searching for them.

As the Alces virtus will move to a different area the space they live in will be smaller causing them to live closer together and in the near future of the move they will form and travel in herds.



Physiological adaptation - Higher Hearbeat

The Alces virtus will be able to sustain a higher heart rate for a longer period of time. This is because it will have a slimmer body and will be able to run away from predators a lot faster. Having a sustainable high heart rate will allow the Alces virtus to run for longer and a lot easier also the climate in Europe will not be as cold so they won't need to have a low of heart rate like they would if they still lived in Asia.

Environmental factors that could have led to this adaptation could be the move from Asia to Europe and the new predators from their new habitat that will hunt the Alces virtus.


Bibliography

Rory Putman. Google Books. (2010). Deer of the world. Retrieved 10th July 2010, from http://books.google.com.au/books?id=bcWZXIMEVkC&pg=PA249&lpg=PA249&dq=Behaviour+of+stag+moose&source=bl&ots=TJKVRDbyEI&sig=_HOJ9DO23LWNOFuNgPi0UamfuZ8&hl=en&ei=N1Q5TN-HGtuvcLPgvPsO&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Behaviour%20of%20stag%20moose&f=false

Tatyana I. Kochan. BNET.(2010) . Seasonal adaptations of moose. Retrieved 12th July 2010, from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb006/is_43/ai_n29458502/

HickerPhoto.com .(2010). Scientific Names, Retrieved 15th July 2010, from http://www.scientific.hickerphoto.com/